Radiation-Induced Targeted Nanoparticle-Based Gene Delivery for Brain Tumor Therapy

This study combines radiation therapy to prime the tumor for nanoparticle uptake along with the targeting effect of iRGD-conjugated nanoparticles to yield a straightforward but effective approach for combined EGFR inhibition and immunotherapy against glioblastomas, which can be extended to other aggressive tumor types.

Targeted therapy against the programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) blockade holds considerable promise for the treatment of different tumor types; however, little effect has been observed against gliomas thus far. Effective glioma therapy requires a delivery vehicle that can reach tumor cells in the central nervous system, with limited systemic side effect. In this study, we developed a cyclic peptide iRGD (CCRGDKGPDC)-conjugated solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN) to deliver small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and PD-L1 for combined targeted and immunotherapy against glioblastoma, the most aggressive type of brain tumors. Building on recent studies showing that radiation therapy alters tumors for enhanced nanotherapeutic delivery in tumor-associated macrophage-dependent fashion, we showed that low-dose radiation primes targeted SLN uptake into the brain tumor region, leading to enhanced downregulation of PD-L1 and EGFR. Bioluminescence imaging revealed that radiation therapy followed by systemic administration of targeted SLN leads to a significant decrease in glioblastoma growth and prolonged mouse survival. This study combines radiation therapy to prime the tumor for nanoparticle uptake along with the targeting effect of iRGD-conjugated nanoparticles to yield a straightforward but effective approach for combined EGFR inhibition and immunotherapy against glioblastomas, which can be extended to other aggressive tumor types.

ACS Nano, 2019

Gulsah Erel-Akbaba, Litia A. Carvalho, Tian Tian, Max Zinter, Hasan Akbaba, Pierre J. Obeid, E. Antonio Chiocca, Ralph Weissleder, Ayse Gulten Kantarci, and Bakhos A. Tannous